How to work Centrifuge Machine: definition, producer -2022, best description

Centrifuge Machine working principle

Centrifuge Machine

Centrifuges equipment is a laboratory device that is used for the separation of fluids, gas, or liquid, based on density. These are high- or low-speed centrifuges capable of spinning a large volume of specimens.

In research and clinical laboratories, centrifuges are often used for cell, organelle, virus, protein, and nucleic acid purification Centrifuges are used in various laboratories to separate fluids, gases, or liquids based on density.

Basic components  of Centrifuge Machine

  • electric motor.
  • Shaft.
  • rotor heads (often interchangeable) on which the centrifuge head turns.
  • motor-drive assembly.

Centrifuge Machine working principle



  • The entire system is house within a chamber.
  • The centrifuge head contains the cups or shields that cover the rotor and turns on a spindle.



Centrifuge Machine working principle

type of centrifuge

  1. Gas centrifuges.
  2. Microcentrifuges.
  3. Hematocrit centrifuges.
  4. Continuous-flow centrifuges.
  5. Benchtop centrifuges.
  6. High-speed centrifuges.
  7. Low-speed centrifuges.


Centrifuge Machine working principle

What is working Principle Centrifuge Machine

  1. Centrifuges apply centrifugal force to separate suspended particles from a liquid or to separate liquids of different densities.
  2. These liquids include body fluids (blood, serum, urine) commercial reagents, or combinations of the two with other additives.
  3. In the blood bank, centrifugation is use in many procedures, including enhancing immediate agglutination for blood-grouping tests, manual cell washing, and anti-globulin testing.
  4. In its simplest form, a centrifuges is a metal rotor with holes to accommodate vessels of liquid, spun at selected speeds by a motor.
  5. Low speed centrifuges generally operate up to 10,000 revolutions per minute (rpm).
  6. High-speed centrifuges, which operate at 10,000 to 30,000 rpm, are use for most preparative applications, and some are refrigerate to cool the rotor chamber.
  7. Some centrifuges microprocessors permit the user to program a set or sequence of operating parameters that are frequently use in laboratory procedures, such as acceleration rate, rotational speed, temperature, total time, and braking rate.

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