what is Stents and Angioplasty and how to work, risk, best cost1

What is stents and angioplasty

Angioplasty is a procedure to open narrowed or blocked blood vessels that supply blood to the heart. These blood vessels are called coronary arteries. In this, a coronary artery stent is a small, metal mesh tube that is placed inside a coronary artery. Most often a stent is placed during or shortly after angioplasty.

what is Stents and Angioplasty

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how to work Stents and Angioplasty

Angioplasty, also known as balloon angioplasty and percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA), is a procedure used to widen narrowed or obstructed arteries or veins and restore blood flow.

A thin tube is threaded through a blood vessel in the arm or groin up to the involved site in the artery. The tube has a tiny balloon on the end.

When the tube is in place, the balloon is inflated to push the plaque outward against the wall of the artery. This widens the artery and restores blood flow. Sometimes you may need one or more stents to keep the artery from re-narrowing.

A stent is a tiny coil of wire mesh, which is collapsed around a balloon at the tip of the catheter. It is guided through the artery to the blockage.

There, the balloon is inflated, and the spring-like stent expands and locks into place inside the artery. The stent stays in the artery permanently to hold it open and improve blood flow to your heart. Once the stent is in place, the balloon catheter is deflated and removed.

Risks may include in Stents and Angioplasty

  1. Blood clots and bleeding
  2. Heart attack or stroke
  3. Coronary artery damage
  4. Kidney problems
  5. Abnormal heart rhythms

what is Stents and Angioplasty

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process of Stents and Angioplasty

The primary success rate was 96–98% (100% for stenosis and 92% for total blockages). Treatment modalities included balloon angioplasty (PTA) alone (18%), stent implantation (80%), rotational thrombectomy (2%) and atherectomy (1%).

Stenting is a minimally invasive procedure. Some people are able to leave the hospital after the procedure for stenting. Most people are able to return to work and their normal routines after about a week. Those who do a lot of physical labor have to wait longer.

Is a stent a serious procedure?

Other arteries may also become weak or narrow in the future, which is treated with further stents. Carotid stenting is a serious procedure that requires hospitalization. Although it is a procedure performed by a qualified and experienced physician, it is a commonly performed and relatively safe procedure.

How long does angioplasty and stent take?

If a stent is being used, it is placed around the balloon before it is inserted. When the balloon is inflated, the stent expands and when the balloon is inflated and removed, the stent remains in place. A coronary angioplasty usually takes 30 minutes to 2 hours.

 

what is Stents and Angioplasty

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what does angioplasty cost

The average cost of an angioplasty procedure is around $1500 to $2000. However, the cost may vary with hospitals and cities. If someone is seeing symptoms like chest pain and shortness of breath, then see a doctor immediately.

 

Advantages of Angioplasty

1.) It can save your life during a heart attack by restoring blood flow to the heart and reducing damage to the heart muscle.
2.) It can quickly reduce symptoms such as chest pain, shortness of breath, and fatigue, making you feel better.

Disadvantages of Angioplasty

1.) Re-narrowing of your artery. When angioplasty is combined with drug-eluting stent placement, there is a small risk that the treated artery may become clogged again.
2.) Blood clots can form within the stent even after the procedure.
3.) Bleeding may occur.

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