What is the CPAP Machine

What is the CPAP Machine?

When treating sleep apnea a CPAP (continuous positive airway pressure) machine is used. It delivers constant pressurized air through CPAP tubing into a mask that patients wear while they sleep.

The CPAP machine is one of the most important treatments for sleep apnea. When the patient is sleeping, it keeps his airway open so that he can receive the oxygen he needs for optimal function.

CPAP machines significantly improve sleep quality and reduce the risk for many health problems, including heart disease and stroke.

A continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) machine is the most commonly prescribed device for treating sleep apnea disorders.

What is the CPAP Machine

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Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) causes an interruption in breathing because the larynx or airway collapses for a period of time or something temporarily blocks them.

A CPAP machine sends a steady stream of pressurized air into the nose and mouth while you sleep. It keeps the airway open and helps in breathing normally.

How to work CPAP machine ?

CPAP machines are used to treat both obstructive and central sleep apnea. In both disorders, the patient’s breathing is disrupted during sleep. This can happen multiple times in the same night.

This leads to a lack of oxygen and increases the risk of high blood pressure, heart disease, stroke, diabetes and other health related diseases. The CPAP machine helps keep the airway open by continuously giving air through the nose and mouth.

The compressor or motor of a CPAP machine generates a continuous stream of pressurized air that passes through an air filter into a flexible tube that delivers purified air into a sealed mask around the nose or mouth.

While sleeping, the airstream from the CPAP machine pushes against any blockage, opening the airways, allowing the lungs to get plenty of oxygen.

Breathing does not stop without interrupting this flow of oxygen. As a result, do not get up again and again to resume breathing.

What is the use of CPAP

Sleep apnea machines are designed to deliver pressures from 4 cm of water pressure (CWP) up to a maximum of 25 CWP. This air is often passed through a heated humidifier and delivered through tubing to the mask interface.

In this, a continuous flow of pressurized air continues to form a cushion along the upper airway. Someone described it as a pneumatic bandage that keeps the throat from falling off.

It blocks the passage of the soft palate, uvula, and tongue into the airway. It reduces the vibrations that cause snoring.

What is the CPAP Machine

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It also relieves inflammation within the nose and clears out mucus from the airways. By supporting the airway, breathing becomes normal and sleep quality is improved.

Oxygen levels can be maintained in this. And at the same time the serious consequences of sleep apnea can be avoided.3

Automated CPAP machines differ slightly in that they can detect airway collapse by measuring resistance and respond by increasing pressure as needed during the night to further resolve sleep apnea.

These devices can also test for low pressure, and are adjusted downward if possible.

What are the types of CPAP machines?

A CPAP machine is just one type of PAP (positive airway pressure) device. While CPAP is the most common of these machines, there are other types as well. This includes:

Two-stage PAP Machine

This machine uses two different pressures, one during inhalation and one during exhalation.

Auto CPAP Machine

This device self-regulates using a variety of pressures to keep the airway open.

Adaptive Servo-Ventilation (ASV) Machine

This, reserved for patients with central sleep apnea, keeps the airway open by giving compulsory breathing when ASV is necessary.

What are the basic components of CPAP equipment?

1.) a motor mounted in a base unit
2.) a padded mask
3.) a tube that connects the motor to the mask
4.) a headgear frame
5.) The “elbow” pieces that act as joints
6.) Adjustable Platen

What is the CPAP Machine

 

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What is the difference between CPAP, APAP and BiPAP machines?

CPAP Machine :- It is designed to generate pressurized air at a constant air pressure level. Changing the air pressure will require resetting the device’s settings.

APAP (Automatic Positive Air Flow Pressure) Machine :- It checks the breath while sleeping throughout the night. It automatically adjusts air pressure to compensate for changes in sleep position or medications that can alter breathing.

BiPAP (Two-Level Positive Air Flow Pressure) machine: It has two pressure settings, one for inhalation and one for low pressure exhalation. It is used for patients who cannot tolerate CPAP machines or have increased levels of carbon dioxide in their blood.

BiPAP devices may also come with a backup respiratory rate for patients who have central sleep apnea. The backup respiratory rate ensures that the person breathes, as the main problem with central sleep apnea is the onset of breathlessness.

What are the advantages/ benefit of a CPAP machine?

CPAP machines prevent the blockage in breathing caused by sleep apnea and make breathing easier. These devices also eliminate the harmful side effects of sleep apnea.

1.) Improving the quality of sleep.
2.) Lower risk of heart attack and stroke.
3.) Reducing daytime sleepiness.
4.) Potentially improving or controlling sugar in people with diabetes.
5.) Improving the ability to fall asleep without waking up.
6.) Helping to lower blood pressure.
7.) Reducing daytime sleepiness.
8.) Lowering blood sugar and cholesterol levels.

What are the disadvantage/ side effects of CPAP machine?

Requires people familiar with the CPAP machine. Some people find them cumbersome or uncomfortable. The drawbacks include the following points

1.) Having difficulty sleeping (insomnia).
2.) Nasal congestion.
3.) Having dry mouth.
4.) Feeling claustrophobic.
5.) Bleeding from the nose.
6.) Feeling bloated.
7.) Burning of the skin.

Most of these side effects subside as you get used to the CPAP machine. If the equipment feels uncomfortable, ask the healthcare provider about different mask or equipment options.

What is the cost/ price of CPAP machine

CPAP machines usually range from $200 to $1200. This coast varies by city.

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